EMG works to build responses to climate change in the water sector that are just, human-scale, ecologically sensitive, empowering and effective.
The responses are both to build resilience (adaptation) and to reduce water’s contribution to global warming (mitigation).
We work with people on the margins of our unsustainable society, challenge power relationships, create unique spaces to meet and connect, and help people re-imagine their relationships with each other and nature.
We do this through research, facilitation, policy analysis, solidarity building and creativity.
Are you confused about Cape Town’s drought or terrified at the prospect of running out of water? Perhaps, like us, you’ve been frantically reading all the articles desperately trying to make sense of the contradictory statements, looking for someone to blame (at least momentarily) but more importantly trying to find out what you can do so that there’s still water to flush your toilet in mid-2018. Maybe you’re living in Grahamstown or somewhere in Limpopo with the same fears but none of the news. And then perhaps you take a step back and wonder what will happen when it rains again and the dams fill up – who will pay for the expensive desalination plants? But will it rain again? Will the dams ever fill up?
These few pages are to help you through the chaos, to bring some order to the disorder.
Read our guide here.
In 2015 - 2016, members of the South African Water Caucus embarked on 'The Changing Practice' course, offered by the Environmental Learning Research Centre at Rhodes University. The project was coordinated by EMG, with funding from the WRC, and the course was intended to boost SAWC member's capacity to monitor the NWRS2. The participants were grouped according to provincial water caucuses, in three provinces - Mpumalanga, Western Cape and Gauteng (the Vaal). Each group worked on a collaborative change project which they wrote up as a case study. Below are the participants final case study booklets.
In October 2016 EMG, in partnership with the South African Water Caucus, the Water Research Commission, UBC's Program on Water Governance and Rhodes University's ELRC, hosted a multi-stakeholder symposium on water governance. This was an opportunity to share lessons from the 'Citizen Monitoring of the NWRS2' project, and to talk about what water governance should truly look like in a participatory democracy.
You can read the proceedings HERE.
This is an update on policy processes and other recent developments in the water sector - available HERE.
Discussed in this policy brief are the Department of Water and Sanitation (DWS) draft norms and standards, the DWS draft national pricing strategy, citizen monitoring of the National Water Resources Strategy 2 (NWRS2), Catchment Management Forums, the Minister's Budget Speech, amongst other things.
PRESS RELEASE: South African Water Caucus Response to Minister of Water and Sanitation’s budget speech, 25 May 2016
On 11 May 2016, the Minister of Water and Sanitation, Minister Mokonyane, delivered a speech to Parliament announcing the proposed budget for water and sanitation in the 2016/17 financial year. Following her speech and debate on her proposed budget, a budget roughly 3.2% smaller than the budget for the 2015/16, was approved by a majority of the members of Parliament in attendance.
The South African Water Caucus (SAWC), a national network of community based and non-governmental organisations, is concerned about the budget cut for water and sanitation at a time when South Africa is experiencing a crippling drought and the water and sanitation infrastructure country-wide is in a bad state of repair. We feel that a greater budget is necessary for drought mitigation, urgent interventions in municipalities facing water and sanitation problems and the appointment of staff to enforce water laws in South Africa.
The Minister listed some achievements of the government over the past two decades relating particularly to the broadening of access to water and the provision of sanitation services. The SAWC recognises those achievements and welcomes the Minister’s pledge to ensure that these achievements are built on in the current financial year.
However, the Minister failed to specify any of the challenges faced by the Department of Water and Sanitation (hereafter ‘the Department’) in performing its mandate. We believe that being forthright about the Department’s challenges during a budget speech will not only assist to justify the allocation of funds to the Department’s various programmes, it will also create a platform for constructive engagement with civil society.
EMG water and climate change seminar series, 2014
Our popular seminar series is still going strong, and is a vibrant space to share what we're learning, hear different perspectives, and strategise with others from civil society, academia, government and communities around the best ways to respond to water and climate change issues.
In 2014, our first seminar was a small gathering focussed on Gender and Water, a theme that most people agree is important and yet which is poorly understood, by ourselves and most others we meet in the sector. Leila Harris from the University of British Columbia was our guest speaker; she presented case studies to illustrate the gendered impacts of various large scale water and development projects, and shared some helpful, nuanced methodologies we can use to explore gender in our work.
In May, EMG supported the Kuils River Catchment Forum to host a seminar, which brought together voluntary citizen's groups actively involved with cleaning the Kuils River, officials from local government, DWS (Department of Water and Sanitation), and academics from CPUT (Cape Peninsula University of Technology). This seminar was an opportunity to share all the work that has been done by the forum to date, to hear from government officials about the state of the river and wetlands, and government's vision and challenges for this catchment. Finally, we started a process of exploring how to get this loose, fairly informal forum registered and recognised as an official Catchment Management Forum (CMF). Proceedings from this seminar are available here.
In June we co-hosted a seminar with the Phillippi Horticultural Area (PHA) for Food and Farming, looking at the relationship between the Cape Flats Aquifer (CFA) and the PHA. This seminar attracted a large number of concerned citizens, government officials and academics, and proved to be a fascinating gathering with important outcomes. The main messages coming out of the seminar were that the CFA and the PHA are both critically important for food security in Cape Town; that the CFA is in urgent need of a proper management plan to prevent its further pollution; but that its pollution levels at present are not high enough to result in dangerous toxicity levels in vegetables grown in the PHA. We hope that this relationship between EMG and the PHA for Food and Farming will continue into the future. The press release from this seminar is available here.
Finally, our November seminar looked at Water and Wetland Offsets, a growing trend in South Africa and around the world. Water and Wetland Offsets are still very poorly defined. Although carbon offsets and biodiversity offsets have been implemented and researched fairly thoroughly, water and wetland offsets are a fairly new concept, with very different variables, considerations and implications. This seminar was an attempt to open up a conversation about what is really understood and intended by those who are pursuing these kinds of mechanisms, and to start to formulate our own opinions and responses - should we be worried, should we be resisting these trends outright, or is there a pragmatic middle ground? Watch this space for a report coming out of this seminar - and you will hear more from us on this topic next year, as we prepare to respond to DEA's proposed environmental offset policy.
Social audit of the Kuils River - the story of an urban river
The Kuils River Catchment Management Forum is a loose yet thriving network of people who meet regularly to talk about the protection and rehabilitation of the Kuils River, with a particular focus on the area around the Khayelitsha Wetland Park. Earlier this year we commissioned researcher Liane Greeff to conduct a preliminary social audit of the Kuils River, looking at the state of the river, who is using it, and what different people's perceptions are about the river. You can find the report here: Kuils River Social Audit
Civil society guide to the NWRS2
South Africa’s second National Water Resources Strategy is a potentially powerful document, laying out the strategic direction for water resource management in this country for the next 20 years. However, most people do not know it exists, or if they do, it remains very abstract and inaccessible. The South African Water Caucus (SAWC) submitted extensive comments, some of which we were happy to see reflected in the final version published in June 2013, but many of which were ignored. Despite our reservations about aspects of the strategy, we also see opportunities, on paper at least, for civil society to play a meaningful role in monitoring the implementation of this strategy. As a first step, EMG has developed this civil society guide to the NWRS2, which presents the SAWC comments and positions, highlights our particular areas of concern, and identifies ways in which civil society can use the NWRS2 to support and enhance our work. We hope it is useful, and we encourage you to share it and use it as you see fit – and please let us know if you have any comments or ideas to share.
You can access the guide here: Civil society guide to the NWRS2
South African Water Caucus comments on the National Water Policy Review, October 2013
Access the comments by the SAWC on the Department of Water Affairs draft National Water Policy Review (notice 888 of 2013) here: SAWC comments on the NWPR
Proceedings from EMG seminar on 'Unpacking the language of climate change', October 2013
Adaptation, mitigation, vulnerability, resilience, adaptive capacity, anticipatory capacity... the conceptual language of climate change is a mouthful, and is quite alienating and inaccesible for most people. At the same time, people are already 'adapting' or 'building their resilience' or 'becoming more vulnerable' - they just don't use those words to describe their experiences. In October, a group of us got together to try and get a better understanding of this language, and to relate it to practical lived realities. The proceedings from this interesting discussion are available here.
We have had a number of articles related to our work published recently.
An article by Jessica Wilson about the inequitable water tariffs in Cape Town, which appeared in the Mail and Guardian on the 24th of May - view HERE
EMG comments on City of Cape Town's proposed water tariff increases
Read HERE about the inequitable water tariffs in Cape Town, and for more analysis see Jessica's article in the Mail and Guardian, above.
Proceedings from EMG seminar on the NWRS 2, March 2013
In March 2013 we hosted a vibrant seminar looking at lessons learnt from civil society engagement with the second National Water Resources Strategy (NWRS2). Importantly, we also considered how we as civil society can monitor the progress and appropriateness of such a policy throughout its implementation. Read the full proceedings HERE.
Video - Leaks, Debt and Devices: a community seeks alternatives
Watch this beautifully filmed video about a group of women in Makhaza who, in partnership with EMG and CEJ, are looking for positive, empowering alternatives for addressing leaks and debt where they live. Watch the video HERE.
EMG has been an active member of South African environmental civil society for 20 years, and we have picked up some useful skills and information along the way - and we would like to start sharing these! We are in the process of developing training materials in the following areas:
Networking and movement building is an important component of our work at EMG.
The South African Water Caucus (SAWC), provincial water caucuses, Climate Justice Now! (CJN), Coalition for Environmental Justice (CEJ) and African Rivers Network (ARN) are among the networks we have helped to build and actively participate in as an organisation.
They provide a space for collective thinking, information sharing, joint actions and campaigns on water and climate change issues.
Through them, NGOs, CBOs, trade unions, communities and individuals collectively challenge injustices and environmental degradation at both local and policy levels.
When most people think about water and climate change, they think about droughts and empty dams. While these are real threats, most urban people will experience climate change indirectly, via their water bills, water restrictions, or other methods of water demand management carried out by municipalities.
EMG has been active in pointing out the links between climate change and water services, exposing unjust practices in water demand management, questioning new supply-side measures and proposing alternative approaches that are more people- and environment -friendly.
Much of this work is captured in our book: water and climate change: an exploration for the concerned and curious and in our research reports.
There are exciting things happening in the communities close to the Khayelitsha Wetlands Park in Makhaza.
These wetlands, and the Kuils River which flows into them, are severely polluted due to discharge from industries and wastewater treatment works upstream, as well as waste from the high numbers of people living in the poorly serviced areas adjacent to them. In spite of these pressures, there is still a lot of life in these waters, and a lot of cultural practices dependent upon the wetland ecosystem.
Now, members of the Makhaza community, with the support of organisations like CEJ (Coalition for Environmental Justice) and EMG, are working with the City of Cape Town Parks Department, regional DWA and others to protect the local wetlands. This kind of initiative is an important step towards adapting to climate change, because it builds the confidence and capacity of citizens to take responsibility and action for their environment, and builds relationships between local people and municipalities.
The Eastern Cape Water Caucus, with support and facilitation by EMG, has been carrying out action research on water and climate change with small-scale farmers of the Ngqushwa Municipality, Eastern Cape.
Multi-stakeholder engagement is at the heart of the process, with involvement from the Pedi Local Municipality, Amathole District Municipality and the Department of Water Affairs regional office; as well local NGOs and researchers from Rhodes University.
Key issues that emerged from the research, and which the Ngqushwa farmers have taken responsibility for include:
The authorities, NGOs and community groups continue to meet to follow-up and monitor actions arising from the research.
The southern Cape recently experienced its most severe drought in recorded history. In 2009 it had the lowest rainfall since record-keeping began, 132 years ago.
While it is not possible to attribute the drought directly to climate change, climate models nevertheless predict that droughts like this will become more frequent and more severe. Understanding the dynamics of water supply and demand under such severe stress may yield useful lessons for the future.
Over the course of 2010 and 2011 we interviewed officials, managers, and community leaders in various southern Cape towns to understand how the affected municipalities responded. Download the full report here (985Kb PDF).
As a water activist, you can:
The Changing Practice in the Olifants course 2017/18 is all wrapped up! We had a hugely successful partner's meeting on the 7th of August, where all of the participants shared their case studies with guests from civil society, government and universities. This was followed by a deeply moving and meaningful graduation ceremony, a celebration of everyone's hard work and achievements, and a commitment to continuing this important work together as a collective.
You can read all about the Partners' Meeting and Graduation here.
All of the case study booklets can be downloaded below. Please note: these case studies are the intellectual property of the activists who wrote them. While they want their work to be shared and used, please contact them (contact details on the inside cover) to ask their permission before using their research.
By Collen Jolobe, Susan Moraba and Lorraine Kakhaza, Social and Environmental Justice in Action / Action Voices, Emalahleni
The main problem and reason we’ve become activists in our communities, is the pollution of the wetlands/streams that are located right next to our villages: the Klein Olifants stream, Brugspruit stream and wetland. The pollution has got worse over time, not only are community members still dumping their waste, there is now also the pollution from the KG Mall and from the nearby mine.
By Elton Thobejane and Provia Sekome, Come-Act, Burgersfort
Our Change Project is about working towards changing unethical corporate practice in terms of Social and Labour Plans, including monitoring, and enhancing compliance enforcement by coming up with recommendations for improved SLPs, systems and legislative provisions for a people-centered social beneficiation system.
By Elvis Komane and Nthabiseng Mahlangu, CULISA, Emalahleni
Our change project is aimed at investigating and calling for the proper management, including the development of a rehabilitation plan and programme, of the legacy mine dump at the Highveld Steel plant near Santa Village. The main work we have done in this Change Project is to re-establish dialogue with the mine owners and other stakeholders as well as gather more support and momentum from others in civil society and government to ensure that something is done to reduce the impacts of the mine dump.
By Kedibone Ntobeng, Tshepo Sibaya and Christina Mothupi, Itumeleng Youth Project, Steelpoort
Our Change Project focus is on illegal dumping with a particular focus on disposable nappies. The reason we are focusing on disposable nappies is because during our house to house awareness campaign on domestic waste management many more people complained about disposable nappies than other domestic waste. We think this is because most domestic waste can be managed effectively if we try to apply the three R’w -Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. The questions people raised during the awareness campaign were how do people manage disposable nappies and where do they dump them?
By Caroline Rathokolo and Nelson Thaba, Khulumani, Tafelkop, Mpumalanga
Our Change Project focusses on two community hubs in two areas: a centre for orphans and vulnerable children in Ga-Botha called Phuthanang Drop In Centre and Jack Morare Primary School in Ga Kopa, Tafelkop, in rural Mpumalanga Province. We are trying to encourage and support the development of food gardens at schools and in people’s own yards, and to connect the orphanage and feeding centres to wider networks of government and business to enable them to receive greater support.
By Thelma Nkosi and Bernard Ngomane, Mpumalanga Water Caucus, Nkomazi Municipality, Mpumalanga
Our study is intended to help the communities of Skhwahlane, Madadeni, Sibange, Magudu and other communities interested in home food gardens, to provide healthy indigenous food for their families and to improve their economic means through permaculture practice. To those who are already doing home food gardens, this booklet may offer some views to improve their farming through the permaculture process. It may help them to understand the challenges faced by communities in this process and strengthen their ability to strive when faced with difficult situations in their farming practice.
By Mmathapelo Thobejane, Eustine Matsepane and Tokelo Mahlakoane, Sekhukhune Environmental Justice Network (SEJN), Burgersfort.
The fact that the mine pollutes is an injustice to all people because our human right to live in a clean environment is being violated. The mines keep on polluting our rivers. Water pollution affects the economy in our communities and the ability of people to grow food and keep cattle for their families. Our parents survived with livestock by selling cattle to take care of their families. Cattle are also integrated into our cultural heritage during weddings, funerals and traditional ceremonies. Now the livestock are getting sick and dying from drinking contaminated water.
7th August 2018,
Stay City, 46 High Street, Berea, Johannesburg
9am until 5pm
We would like to invite you to the partners day and graduation ceremony of the Changing Practice : Olifants Catchment course.
This event will be a platform where the activists will present their Change Project cases to you, our partners and community. What we ask from you in return is to dialogue with us on how we can work in solidarity to strengthen these cases and use them as a catalyst for further action. This will be followed by a graduation and a celebratory dinner.
Since April 2017, 7 civil society organisations, focused on environmental and social justice in the Olifants Catchment, have been building their cases through participation in Changing Practice, an EMG facilitated, Environmental Learning Research Centre (ELRC), Rhodes University accredited course funded by AWARD (Association for Water and Rural Development) through USAID. The Change Projects focus on being a voice for a wetland, holding mines accountable for the effects of pollution, the dumping of disposable nappies and food security.
The Changing Practice process equips activists with skills to engage creatively and mindfully with the challenges confronting their communities and broader society. The course has also enhanced their research skills and ability to document and share their stories. You can read more about the course on our blog.
The organisations involved are: the Mpumalanga Water Caucus, Action Voices/Social and Environmental Justice in Action; COME-ACT; Itumeleng Youth Project, CULISA, Sekhukhune Environmental Justice Network and Khulumani Support Group.
Unfortunately we don’t have funds to cover transport costs unless absolutely necessary. We will provide refreshments and lunch on the day. If you wish to join the participants for the celebratory dinner we ask you to contribute R150 to cover your costs. We look forward to hearing from you at your soonest convenience.
By guest blogger Jane Burt.
A few weeks ago the Changing Practice participants met again for Module 4. We met at the Struwig Eco-Reserve, right alongside the Olifants River. The question guiding this module was “How do we transform?” and what better place to do this work than next to the river that all the participants feel connected to and are working to protect?
We started the module by introducing a way of working with transformation. I introduced the idea that transformation happens at many different levels. I suggested that we view this as a spiral instead of as a straight line, where all these aspects of transformation are happening at the same time and influence each other. I also suggested that we think of transformation as care work. Because transformation can be brutal and violent and lead to negative effects whereas the transformation we are all working towards is a transformation from a place of love and care. In the spiral of caring transformation a big part of our work is caring for ourselves. These are the levels of transformation that we looked at:
caring for ourselves,
caring for each other,
caring for our networks and society and,
caring for nature and the planet.
I used the example of one of the participants experience of the mining charter and how it creates a lot of pain as well as making us feel angry at the injustice of the situation. I asked, how do we work with this both at a personal level, and what is it about society that enables it to happen?
I introduced a series of questions that could be asked as the group collectively explored each moment of transformation.
What do we know?
What do we want to know?
Who or what do we connect to?
Who or what do we need to connect to?
What do we do?
What do we want to do?
I reminded the group that ‘what we know’ is not only facts or information but the questions we ask ourselves to discover more about our situation. I shared an example of how she would answer these questions if thinking about what she needs personally to transform unhealthy ways of dealing with environmental injustice.
Exploring metaphors of transformation
Following this discussion I asked the participants to sit with one other person and think about what transformation means and to represent this as an image or a metaphor. Then to ask themselves why this image means transformation to them. I shared how I used the image of a caterpillar changing to a butterfly as a symbol of transformation. I explained that I chose a butterfly because it tells us that:
Tranformation doesn’t happen all at once, it happens in stages
When there is transformation things are completely different
It is fragile because the butterfly is fragile and only lives for one day.
Some examples of images or metaphors shared by the group:
Transformation is like an apple tree: It symbolizes the tree that bears fruits and connects to us. Starts as a small tree and grows to be bigger and bear fruit and like us we start small, we grow and bear fruits. There are some apples on the soil and they can grow again and create another tree.
Transformation is like a seed (peu / imbewu): For transformation we have to choose which seeds to transform because we can’t transform everything. Then you have to have a place because you can’t transform everywhere; soil must be fertile for the seed to grow. Then make a seed bed to plant that seed for transformation. You must pour water for it to grow beautifully.
Transformation is like a photo-frame: First someone can see it as useless but someone can see it as art. I’ve transformed this first one to a beautiful one, with power. You feel it internally or externally; by heart. You need to plan and strategise before but you might change along the way. Response: world is chaotic and seems random so sometimes hard to see it as transformation or how change is happening. Writing up the case studies is like putting up a frame around one part of the story. To see transformation you need to have ‘framing glasses’ to see one part of the chaos.
Transformation is like an egg which turns into a chicken: All of a sudden the egg had to have an opportunity to hatch. First it is layed, then you need to keep it warm. It take’s it’s time in order for it to hatch. It takes Patience! We are not sure about tomorrow and whether the egg will hatch but we know what kind of a world we are dreaming of.
After going through all the images we came up with a list of qualities of transformation
Growth, fruit, renewal, regrowth
Choose what you want to transform
Need conditions to grow
Takes a planning process
Not always nice, need to sacrifice
Transformation at many levels: of body & soul; reconnection with your spirit; spiritual transformation is primary one and basis for practicing honesty
Need to accept otherwise transformation won’t happen
Hard to see, so takes framing; and re-framing
It’s an art
Trust and protection
By guest blogger Stella Horgan from Zingela Ulwazi
Last week, Becky Harmon and I joined the facilitation team for Changing Practice, a Rhodes University accredited course for environmental activists, under the ELRC (Environmental Learning Research Centre), facilitated by EMG. This is the Civil Society Support Initiative aspect of AWARD’s (Association for Water and Rural Development) RESILIM-O program which is focussed on building resilience in the Olifants River Catchment. Funded by USAID, EMG has a sub-grant to run this program.
There were 16 participants from 7 CSOs (Civil Society Organisations), each doing extraordinarily challenging work in the catchment. This ranges from representatives of an informal settlement in eMalahleni addressing toxic waste management practices in the mining industry, to boreholes drying up as a result of mining activity and livestock being poisoned by contaminated water in a mine’s discharge channel in Sekhukhune. Two projects are focussed on food security and assisting communities to grow their own organic food using permaculture principles. Others on a devastated wetland in eMalahleni and on the problem of disposable nappies.
Changing Practice: Olifants Catchment is in its second year and participants have made great progress and experienced significant growth. Ordinarily we meet in eMalahleni, the coal mining capital of South Africa, a bleak andapocalyptic place where environmental destruction is rampant. The air is filthy and we often leave with headaches, feeling sick. Another of our modules was held in Burgersfort at a guest house whose staff were openly racist, which was a very uncomfortable and painful experience for us all.
This time we took a risk and found a venue on the Olifants River in Balule Reserve in Kruger Park. We felt that being in nature and seeing the Olifants River in a natural system would be an important and nourishing experience for participants. Struwig Eco Reserve is a camp build for youth development right on the Olifants River; the staff are passionate about nature and did a superb job of welcoming us. Like many good things in life, getting 22 people from around the catchment, the Eastern and Western Cape, was a complex job! From Phalaborwa to the river, you drive through 16km of Foskor Mine, a shock to the system in terms of a landscape utterly destroyed for commercial gain.
Mining activity on the Olifants River
Then the river crossing. Suddenly everything softens as one leaves the industrial space and floats slowly to the bush, amongst the birds and antelope starting to appear on the banks. We know that the Olifants River is absolutely toxic from industry, agriculture, dysfunctional waste water treatment systems and litter, but there is a love for this river, knowing how much life and livelihood it supports.
Crossing the Olifants River
On the first day of our workshop a huge herd of elephants appeared across the river from our conference area. They stayed a long time, the young playing and rolling in the sand, and came nearly every day.
The view from our workshop space
On our first freezing early morning game drive we encountered a hyena with her cub. They jogged out of the bush right in front of our vehicle so that we could see them in stark detail. The mother then picked her cub up in her mouth and loped off. We were all absolutely silent at the extraordinary sighting. I was reminded of myth around hyenas, describing them as beings who are unafraid to go into the darkness to clean up so that the lion can shine its golden light. I shared this with the participants as I believed this sighting to be significant, as they confront so much darkness in the corrupt world of large mining corporations and unresponsive government.
On our third day we came across a magnificent male leopard who strolled through the soft morning light and allowed us to see his every detail. Again we were arrested by his beauty and regality. I suggested we take this in and inhabit our own regality, something we neglect to do as we submerge ourselves in our daily tasks.
On the game drive vehicle
Our conference room for the week
The workshop was guided by the question ‘How do we transform?’ which we explored with fellow facilitators Jane Burt, December Ndhlovu, Jessica Wilson and Taryn Pereira. We looked at how we transform in ourselves, our communities, networks, human society and within nature-human existence. We dialogued, made art, learned how to be present. We also had excellent presentations from AWARD on the impact of the chemicals in the river on human health, and on how to engage with municipal IDP processes.
Becky Harmon presenting on Money, Attention Management and Relationships
The participants have been working on their assignments which incorporate case studies of their work. These will be published shortly. To read more about the Change Projects, read the rest of the blog entries below.
Nelson Thaba on one of the most beautiful swings in the world.
A huge vote of thanks to all of the facilitators and participants for this wonderful work. May we be strong and may our world be led with integrity.
Back row L-R: Tokelo Mahlakoane (Sekhukhune Environmental Justice Network), Nthabiseng Mahlangu (CULISA), Taryn Pereira (EMG), Lorraine Kakaza (Action Voices), Jessica Wilson, Susan Moraba (Action Voices), Jane Burt, Kedibone Ntobeng (Ithumeleng Youth), Elvis Komane (CULISA), December Ndhlovu (EMG), Bernerd Ngomane (Mpumalanga Water Caucus), Collen Jolobe (Action Voices),Stella Horgan (Zingela Ulwazi), Nelson Thaba (Khulumani). Front row L-R: Mmathapelo Thobejane (SEJN), Thelma Nkosi (MPWC), Tshepo Nyati (Ithumeleng Youth) with baby Thapelo, Eustina Matsepane (SEJN), Caroline Rathokolo (Khulumani)
* by Stella Horgan, 13th June 2018
The facilitators of the Olifants Changing Practice course are delighted to confirm that funding has been approved by AWARD through the USAID Resilim-O project, for a fourth and fifth module. This is fantastic news, because it gives an opportunity to really deepen the excellent cases that participants have developed thus far, and to strengthen the links to policy, law, broader civil society campaigns and a wider network of activist researchers. The Changing Practice courses that have been run in the past have always only had 4 modules, so this is new terrain for the facilitators. Project leader Jane Burt says 'this is an incredible opportunity to really embed these cases in organisations and networks, to make the links between cases to develop a compelling catchment wide campaign, and to allow the activist participants to develop very strategic action plans'.
Module 4 will take place from the 4th to the 8th of June in Emalahleni - exciting times ahead!
Project: Corporate compliance for rehabilitation of the Highveld calcite waste dump, by Nthabiseng Mahlangu and Elvis Komane.
Nthabiseng Mahlangu and Elvis Komane are from CULISA (Council of Land Informal Residence and Family Development South Africa) an organisation based in Emalahleni (meaning place of coal) in Mpumalanga. Their change project is looking at corporate compliance related to the Highveld Calcite Waste Dump, a legacy dump threatening the health of people and ecosystems in Ward 12 of Emalahleni Municipality. Nthabiseng and Elvis have visited the dump and surrounding communities, and gathered the following evidence:
“The dump consists of more than 17 million tons of calcite waste, surrounded by sink holes and toxic dams. The dump sits next to the main entrance gate of Vanchem Vanadium and looks exactly like a huge grey mountain about 40 meters long with no trees or any vegetation. It’s composed of soft sandy ash like particles which travel through wind and water interfering with animal, human life and the entire environment. During strong winds the particles are blown around and it looks like it is raining white shining dust. The dump's west edge has terrifying highly polluted waste water dams. When the white powder connects with water it forms something that looks like freezing ice (see picture below). Where ever the powder connects with the ground it causes serious havoc and nothing grows on it. The most affected communities are: Santa Village, Vosman community, Bubsection and Mpondozenkomo. The nearest houses particularly in Santa Village are most affected as their roof sheets are turning rusty and decaying. When you come close to the dump you can feel: skin irritation, eye irritation, breathing difficulties and headaches. Something needs to be done urgently to remove this dump”
For their change project, Nthabiseng and Elvis are finding out as much as they can about the chemical composition and environmental impacts of the dump, with the intention of sharing this information with the affected communities to raise awareness. They have collected samples of soil, water and dump particles, and have given them to their fellow Changing Practice course participants, Fhumulani Mathivha and Ivo Yves from Young Water Professionals, to test the samples. This is a great example of participants on the course working together cooperatively, using their different skills and resources to bring about change.
“We then realised there is a loop hole in managing existing and legacy dumps in South Africa due to policy issues and as CULISA we are busy preparing a draft policy frame work on proper management of all existing and legacy dumps in the Republic of South Africa.”
CULISA, you are doing such important, courageous work. Well done, and thank you.
Project: Addressing poverty through improving food and water security for community care centres in Tafelkop, by Caroline Rathokolo and Nelson Thaba.
The Khulumani Support Group is ‘a membership-based organisation of more than 100,000 victims and survivors of Apartheid-related gross human rights violations in South Africa’ (khulumani.net). Caroline Rathokolo and Nelson Thaba are members of Khulumani working in communities close to Tafelkop, in the Sekhukhune District Municipality in Limpopo. Their changing practice project is focussing on a number of community hubs in two areas: an orphanage, a community centre and a school in Ga-Botha, and a school and a feeding centre in Ga Kopa. They are trying to encourage and support the development of food gardens at the schools and in people’s own yards, and to connect the orphanage and feeding centres to wider networks of government and business, to enable them to receive greater support. They have experienced first hand that sufficient nutritious food and clean water is the first step towards alleviating poverty - it allows children to concentrate at school, and helps to keep them healthy and strong.
As changing practice participants, they are also using their growing confidence and networking skills to build important relationships between these care centres and officials in the Department of Social Development. In Caroline’s own words:
“On the 16 September 2016, I met a SASSA (South African Social Security Agency) employee from Groblersdal in a taxi to Mokopane. SASSA’s focus is to see every child, orphan, disabled person and old people getting grants. She referred me to another SASSA employee, who referred me to a social worker who went to the Ga-Botha orphanage centre to verify those orphans. She promised to help them by taking them to court case and to go through the long process of receiving the correct grant…
We want people to have small gardens in their homes, and the vegetables will help our community to get fresh products from the soil that will help them to prevent malnutrition and they can also sell the crops to generate an income to families…
Speaking of poverty, in this area there are orphans who need serious intervention. There are matriculants who are at home due to a lack of finance to further their studies. We don’t want them to go in to deeper poverty. We want them to be change agents in these areas. We should work together with Department of Social Development, to build an NPO that will offer life skills, computer skills and other short term courses for free. Some of our achievements are that we managed to secure donations of sanitary pads, groceries, school shoes and stationery. We got these donations through our changing practice course”.
Caroline and Nelson are exploring the connections between poverty, nutrition, water security and community development, and are acting as dynamic agents of change in their communities. Well done, and keep up the great work.
Project: Understanding water supply issues and looking for solutions to disposable nappies and other domestic waste in Ga-Mampuru, Greater Tubatse Municipality, by Kedibone Ntobeng, Christine Mothupi and Tshepo Sibaya.
Itumeleng Youth Project formed under the most tragic of circumstances. In Christine Mothupi’s words:
“When mining started, the population increased and the community started to grow. New sections were formed and water demand was now high while we only had one purification plant that supplied clean water. Everyone was looking for clean water from the water purification plant and then illegal connections started to occur. Some pipes started to leak, then water waste became high. The water purification plant stopped supplying the community with water because it couldn’t manage the whole village alone. The community started to look for a way to survive. Some people were forced to fetch water from the irrigation canal and some were fetching water from the Tubatse river which is too far away”.
Tshepo Sibaya continues the story:
“Since 1995 the community was drinking water from the canal which was built mainly for irrigation but due to lack of water nearby people were forced to drink that water. In 2009 one morning tragedy hit the community. People died after drinking water from the canal which they had been drinking from for many years. Thirteen people died while hundreds more were hospitalized. The health department said it was cholera. We are not sure if it was cholera or poison …After that incident the community were mobilized under one theme: This cannot happen again”.
Under huge pressure from the community, the Greater Tubatse municipality built storage dams and drilled boreholes, so that people were no longer forced to drink from the canal. However, there are currently insufficient taps and low water pressure, meaning that some sections get more water than others, leading to conflict between the sections. In two of the sections, people are once again relying on water from the canals and from the Tubatse River.
At the same time, the river that people are relying on is full of domestic waste. IYP has been investigating the reasons for this waste landing up in the river, with a particular focus on the huge number of disposable nappies in the landscape and in the river.
Kedibone Ntobeng describes the history of disposable nappies and other domestic waste in her community:
"In 1973 the Mampuru clan and the community members were forced to move from Brakfontain (Magagamatala) to Steelpoort (Boschkloof). At that time the population was less and they did not think about the future and how they are going to manage their domestic waste - at that time they did not have too much domestic waste. They were using traditional customs. It was the introduction of modern customs that caused more waste. For example, women were using cloth nappies for children and they were washing them… In the 90s mining started and the population began to increase and job opportunities became available for more people. Some people could now afford to buy those disposable nappies, but you still never ever saw disposable nappies on the street or in dongas… When disposable nappies decreased in price, many more people started to buy them. That’s when people started to realize that disposable nappies do not decay. Most parents decided to throw them far away from people. In 2006 the Lion smelter phase one started and the population increased again. People from different places came in. Business started to increase. A tavern and renting rooms were built while we still didn’t have a dumping site. The tavern started to stay open 24/7, and waste from bottles and cans increased in large numbers. Then waste started to be unmanageable as sections continued to develop and grow, and there was no space for people to dump. This is when people started to see the river banks as a dumping site and the river as a waste transporter.”
As part of their changing practice project, IYP has done a door to door awareness campaign and cleaning campaign. They have cleared disposable nappies from dongas and river banks, and requested the municipality to collect the nappies for removal to a landfill, but they have not yet had a response.
Itumeleng Youth Project is doing important and challenging work in a community that has suffered terribly as a result of a lack of safe secure water. The issue of disposable nappy waste is a critical one that many communities are grappling with around the country. Keep up the fantastic work IYP.
Come-ACT (Communities in Mining and Environmental Activism) is based in Burgersfort.
Change Project: Rules for good guests - how host communities can hold mines accountable, by Elton Thobejane and Provia Sekome.
Description: Twickenham mine is a large open pit platinum mine owned by Anglo American Platinum, about 40 km away from Burgersfort in the Greater Tubatse Municipality, Limpopo. It falls within the middle catchment of the Olifants River. The village of Morapaneng, which is situated between the Twickenham and Hackney shafts of the Twickenham mine, is deeply affected by the mining activities nearby, through the mines impact on water, air, roads, social cohesion and more . Come-ACT has decided to focus on the issue of corporate compliance - to what extent is the mine keeping to its obligations in terms of the Social and Labour Plans and other commitments it has made to the community? Another way of asking this question is: is the mine being a good guest, and treating its hosts, in this case the Morapaneng community, with respect and care? And if not - how can the hosts hold their guest accountable for their bad behaviour?
Extract from Come-Act's Assignment 1:
"The entire community relies on one borehole and the nearby Motse river as sources of water, almost all the bore holes in the village have dried up...The access roads to the village are also dusty and un-driveable making it very difficult for the communities to access services such as health care and many others. The only tarred road which is linking the two shafts is also heavily potholed and no one seem to care about its impact on road users and the nearby communities, especially young people who endanger their lives on a daily basis trying to fill in the potholes with sands because they see it as an economic opportunity... there is little to show for this community’ portion of benefit for the mining activities happening in their land.
As we walked around the neighbouring villages we realised that the houses are cracked in almost every household, people are trying to grow vegetables such as spinach, sweet potatoes and tomatoes but the products are not of good quality and we suspect that it is because of the poor water quality. The relocated graves and tombstones are falling apart, people were forcefully relocated to areas where the land is not suitable for human habitation. One could feel the heartbeat of a community that is betrayed, divided, impotent but angry towards the mining company.
We then decided to request access to information pertaining to the operation (Social and Labour Plans and its Annual reports, the Water Use Licence and Environmental Impact Assessment reports) through the Promotion of Access to Information Act of 2000 from the relevant departments, so that we are more able to monitor, assess, hold the mine to account and enforce compliance"
4 September 2017: COMMUNITY ORGANISATION TAKING INITIATIVE AGAINST THE MINE"The two community based organisations Come Act and SCMAC are collaborating to challenge the Twickenham mine regarding the disposal of the reserves as it continues even today.The two organisations have submitted a PAIA application to the DMR to request the maintenance plan and the agreement with the DMR. We also requested their new Mine Works programme because Care and Maintenance is actually a part of the Mine Works programme .Legal Resources Center has also written a letter on our behalf to the mine to request clarity and supporting documents."
Keep up the great work Come-Act. Your findings about how the host community of Morapaneng can hold their guests - the Twickenham mine - accountable, will be extremely useful for many other host communities.
Jane Burt and Jessica Wilson wrote a paper for the ALARA (Action Learning, Action Research Association) congress in 2015, based on lessons from the first Changing Practice course for SAWC activists. That paper has just been published in the ALARA congress proceedings, and the full text is available HERE.
Here is an excerpt from the paper:
The social learning approach adopted in this project brought about change – and in some instances profound transformation – at multiple levels. Through a careful process of observation and reflection, the project provides insights into what changed within individuals, between people, at the level of structure and between people and the natural world. For example, when an activist researcher’s confidence was built through gaining a sense of identity based on the deep wisdom inherent in his African ancestry, he discovered agency within himself and was able to articulate concerns to government officials on the importance of including spiritual water users in Catchment Management Forums. This insight has catalysed ongoing conversation in his organisation and shifted their worldview to include a healing relationship between people and rivers.
...Finally, the course, like all courses based on an action learning ethos, is not expert driven but a dialogic space to introduce ideas of how to read the world which includes context, history and the importance of place (some of which are generated by researchers and other knowledge producers and shared with participants). This was a new experience for many of the participants. One participant, when interviewed about the course, commented, “Other courses like the “X” course someone stands in front of you and tells you what to do. Here we are asked to pull something out and up. It is challenging but it comes from in ourselves.” This sense of ownership of knowledge produced and used is the core vision of the course. The knowing that is generated (where generation of knowledge also means being able to draw on many knowledge systems in a meaningful way) belongs with the people who generate it and infiltrates their actions in the places and spaces within which they move. It is hoped that that by the end of this course, the learning and knowledge that is gained by the individuals and the collective will be an authentic expression of the people and landscapes out of which this learning and knowing emerged.
Changing practice: A course to support water activists in South Africa (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319250623_Changing_practice_A_course_to_support_water_activists_in_South_Africa
SEJN is based in Burgersfort, Greater Tubatse Municipality, Limpopo, in the middle Olifants catchment. They have been organising under the name SEJN for 6 months, but their members have been active community monitors associated with Benchmark Foundation for 5 years, as part of a network of Southern African communities living near mines.
Change Project: Water pollution in the Motse River, by Eustine Matsepane, Mmathapelo Thobejane and Tokelo Mahlakwana
Description: For their changing practice project, SEJN are investigating the sources and impacts of mining pollution in the rivers close to where they live - in particular, the impact on livestock, who frequently die after drinking from the mine streams. They have spoken to herders, farmers and elders in their communities, and have recently started working with a student from the University of Venda to help them take water samples and tissue samples from the dead cattle. They have also lobbied Department of Water and Sanitation to come and take water samples and report back to them on the state of the water in the streams and boreholes, and are doing an excellent job of holding DWS to account.
Below are some excerpts from the changing practice Whatsapp group
Mmathapelo (26 June):
Good morning comrades, I received a call this morning from Limpopo Dept of Water and Sanitation. We made an appointment and they will do water testing next week... SEJN and other organisations around our area are welcome to come and witness the process, we will also have a team of livestock owners. Patience pays at last.
Tokelo (5 July):
Today we were meeting with this guy from DWS. The purpose of the meeting was to make relationships between DWS, the communities, ward committees, ward counselors, water committees, CDWs ( Community Development Workers) and SDM( Sekhukhune District Municipality). The communities were reporting on how they suffer to get water especially from bore holes, and dams that are made by the municipality. This is when I started to see that our DWS don't do their jobs because they don't know where the problems are. We started to ask him whether he remembers the time they tested the bore holes and dams, and this showed him that we do know that the water we drink is very contaminated. The meeting was great because they said they will come back after two weeks with responsible people.
Mmathapelo (18 August):
Today the [University of Venda] student and SEJN members started the day by collecting water samples from the upper catchment of the Motse river next to Lolo mountain (Mmatadi) where we collected fresh water. We proceeded to a mine stream, where Motse River meets with the mine stream and the Olifants River. We are hoping to get the results by the end of the month.💪💪💪..........
You can read more about SEJN's fantastic work on their community monitors blog.
One of the intentions of this blog is to profile the work of the organisations and participants taking part in the Olifants Catchment Changing Practice course. This week, we will focus on Action Voices, from Emalahleni in the Upper Olifants catchment.
Change Project: 'Being a voice for the Bragspruit wetland' by Susan Boledi, Lorraine Kakaza & Colen Jojobe.
Description: Action Voices have been involved, for a long time, in monitoring the streams and wetlands around the Emalahleni communities as Benchmark environmental monitors. They have chosen the Bragspruit wetland as the area they would like to work on, in more depth, for their Change Project. The wetland is situated near the KG Mall, near the N4, between Vosman location Extension 3 & 5 and the Emsagweni location. When speaking to them about their Change Project they report how ‘it is hopeless’. People have given up that anything will change and are no longer interested in engaging. The wetland is much worse than it was. In their pre-course assignment they report on how the wetland is filled with animal skulls, dead animals, sewerage and waste that is thrown away, in the informal community, is washed into the wetland. Spiritual practitioners used to practice here but they don’t do so anymore. People that live next to the wetland and have small gardens complain that when they use the water from the wetland their crops die. As it is an informal settlement houses are often flooded in the Summer months when the rain comes and gardens are flooded and die. Community members report that when the rains come the water smells. The communities often don’t have any tap water and so they are forced to use water from the wetland. Action Voices thinks that the water is contaminated by the abandoned mine in the area which affects the communities living near it.
Whatsapp updates: Throughout the month of June, the changing practice course participants have been sharing updates on their work via Whatsapp. The following are excerpts from Action Voices' whatsapp reports:
"Today I was going to town when I was about to approach Standard Bank I smelt a bad smell, it was a terrible smell. I was wondering what could it be. Guess what, it was a sewer. I couldn’t believe what I saw with my eyes. I went straight to the municipality and reported it. They told me that they are going to attend it tomorrow. I’m not happy at all because next to it there are shops that sell food and potato chips. Customers are no longer buying. They ran away and again there are no signs of danger and I’m 100% sure that when children are passing there they will be in danger. I have reported many unattended sewer but none of them are being fixed. Two weeks ago there was someone who lost their life in a sewer."
Communities living next to the mines suffer for the rest of their lives. It’s was so painful to hear people complaining about the mines that operate next to them. All these mines are open cast. They just operate without the community concerns. Instead they create more problems like teenage pregnancy, drugs and unemployment. They don’t hire local people and this affects the youth. So this creates division. One woman says “we had a challenge of water. We don’t have water but when you pass the mine you will see at the washing plant they do have water. We breath black air from the coal dust everyday. We don’t have water and sanitation but mines got everything on their side".On the 8th June I was at Grooivlei farm doing the survey. The more I get to a household I felt like crying. It’s really difficult to see people living in bad situation at the same time they are surrounded by mines ..the community they are always happy to see me because they share their stories with me".
Module 2 coming up: Next week, all the participants and course facilitators will be gathering in Burgersfort for Module 2, where we will be sharing progress, delving deeper into our histories to understand how we got to this point, and how we know what we know. It will also be an opportunity to offer support and solidarity to one another, and to 'refuel' with new inspiration and energy.
This post includes excerpts from Jane Burt's June project report - read the full report here.
In late May 2017 the first module of the Olifants Catchment ‘Changing Practice’ course was held in Witbank. The theme of the first module was Investigating context and practice.
As with all the previous Changing practice courses, the learning approach and pedagogy is transparent and the course begins with a dialogue about learning, knowledge and education. We shared how the course has been designed as a transformative and even transgressive learning process within an emancipatory pedagogy. Some of the learning experiences that participants shared were painful and demeaning and the conversation soon progressed to considering how learning is not a neutral process but can be designed to be emancipatory or to perpetuate power imbalances and inequality. If you are interested in learning more about transgressive learning, head over to the T-learning network website here.
From the previous course we realised that participants have often experienced trauma because of the nature of South African society, or specifically in their work as activists. For this course we wanted to consciously acknowledge this and introduce simple processes that could be healing and are, at least, relaxing and centering. We introduced what are known as healing relaxation exercises where participants are encouraged to centre themselves in their bodies and learn to bring themselves back to the present moment. These exercises were very helpful ways to start each day, and to centre ourselves after particularly challenging sessions. The participants were wonderfully open to these exercises, and shared that they found them hugely beneficial.
One such challenging session was a fieldtrip which CULISA and Action Voices organised, called the ‘toxic tour’. This was a shocking experience for all involved. Although extremely difficult to witness, everyone expressed how important it was to have experienced it as it showed them the top of the catchment and the horror of what happens here which should be of deep concern to everyone in the Olifants catchment. We ran a healing relaxation session after the tour as many of us felt overwhelmed by what we had witnessed.
The toxic tour
We also ran a gender dialogue, where the question posed was: how does gender impact on your change project? The participants quickly went to the core of how gender inequalities were experienced in their own lives and in their communities as well as how culture and religion exacerbate gender inequalities. The implicit violence that sits within the relations between men and women emerged through the dialogues, leaving us all shaken. To move the dialogues out of speech and into our bodies we ended off the session by each one of us making an image of how we felt right now. These images were powerful, painful and challenging, which some people expressed as being ‘louder than words’.
Course coordinator and lead facilitator Jane Burt shared these reflections following Module One:
Running this course is a privilege, a painful and joyful privilege because to fully engage in and immerse oneself in a pedagogy for the oppressed means owning up to the oppressor and oppressed internally and externally. This does not only mean the individual oppressor and oppressed but the way in which inequity and injustice is structured into the institutions and organisations of which we are a part, the cultures out of which we emerge and the relationships we engage in and form. It also emerges out of the experience of the non-human and the slow violence that is being inflicted upon the earth and so ourselves. Running this course continually teaches us this and forces us to be constantly alert, to continually read the world and, more importantly, engage in the muddling through that is the journey towards social and environmental justice. One of our co-facilitators sent a thank you note after Module One, in which she shared with us how her mother had met Paulo Freire at a conference once and asked him for some advice on her work. He said he can’t give advice, he could only talk in parables, and one parable that came to mind was that as educators we have to enter the mud together and only once we are all fully covered, can a teacher stand up.
This post is adapted from Jane Burt's monthly report - read the full version here.
Following a successful two year 'Changing Practice' course with participants from the South African Water Caucus, this year EMG's water and climate change programme, in partnership with Rhodes University's ELRC and AWARD, are running a 'Changing Practice' course with water activists from throughout the Olifants catchment, in Mpumalanga and Limpopo.
The first module went ahead successfully from the 22nd to the 25th of May, in Emalahleni. What really makes this course exciting is that it brings together activists from throughout a single catchment - the Olifants catchment - and although all of the organisations represented focus on a diverse range of issues, they are deeply connected through the shared river they are all striving to protect. Jane Burt, the course facilitator, describes the group as 'deeply passionate, committed and doing incredible work already'. They have all already been participating in the CSO indabas hosted by AWARD - you can learn more about this initiative on the 'Our Olifants' website.
The organisations represented by participants on the course are Action Voices, Come-Act, CULISA, Itumeleng Youth Project, Khulumani Support Group, Mpumalanga Water Caucus, Sekhukhune Environmental Justice Network and South African Young Water Professionals.
In the coming weeks and months, we will be profiling the different participants and organisations, and the important work they are doing - watch this space!
The Changing Practice course in the Olifants catchment is facilitated by EMG, accredited by the Environmental Learning Research Centre, Rhodes University
and funded by AWARD through the USAID RESILIM O programme.